The Latest from P22

A Celtic Primer


Friday, June 02nd, 2000 | 12 comments



Though most often associated with Ireland, the word "Celtic" (from the Greek, keltoi ) actually refers to the larger, dominant pre-christian culture of Europe north of the Mediterranean. Celtic society and culture first appeared ca. 500 B.C. in the area of the Danube headwaters, and by the first century B.C. it encompassed the regions of modern-day Spain, France, Belgium, Germany, Central Europe, the Balkans, as well as the British Isles. By the tenth century A.D., with the exception of Brittany in northern France, Celtic civilization had contracted, surviving primarily in Ireland, Wales, and the highlands of Scotland - the so-called Celtic Fringe.

The term Celtic, in modern usage, also refers to the family of languages spoken by these earliest Indo-European inhabitants of northern Europe. Irish Gaelic is considered the most archaic surviving form of spoken Celtic. Irish emerged as a written language with the advent of Christianity sometime in the early fifth century A.D., and as such it stands as the oldest and longest literary vernacular tradition outside of the classical world. A beautiful and sonorous language once spoken by millions, Irish is now spoken as a living, daily language by no more than 25,000 Irish men and women.

Celtic also refers to a distinctive style of European art. The earliest clear expression of Celtic art is found in the pottery and metalwork artifacts of the Hallstatt culture ( flourished ca. 8th and 9th centuries B.C. ) . A later form emerges with the beautifully intricate and accomplished metalwork of the La Tene period ( flourished ca. 450 B.C.). Despite a long and powerful tradition of insularity, Celtic art did display elements of syncretism. It is this marriage of Celtic vision with earlier elements of indigenous Irish iconography and the later assimilation of Romano-Christian culture that produced what many consider to be the crowning glory of Irish Celtic art.

The "Book of Kells" is a Gospel manuscript created in approximately the 9th century A.D. in the British Isles. This Book, along with The Lindisfarne Gospels are truly amazing examples of early western art and are arguably the finest surviving illuminated manuscripts in the whole of Europe. The attention to detail in lettering and illumination, largely the handiwork of Irish monks, is nothing less than astonishing. It is, perhaps, the characteristically Irish elements of playfulness ( both grotesque and beautiful ), combined with a sense of freewheeling invention, color and fantasy that provide such vivid evocations of the early Middle Ages. Certainly, few examples of medieval art present such a gleeful and unselfconscious blurring of the dividing line between the Christian world and the slowly fading pagan world.

The script used throughout the pages of the "Book of Kells" is known as "half-uncial". This type of lettering is a transitional step between Roman Capitals and the "lower case" lettering later found in medieval manuscripts. Additionally contained within many of the illuminated pages are square capitals or "Rustic" Anglo-Saxon majuscules which playfully interact with their surrounding imagery.

by Daniel J. S. Lewis

Comments

Please login...

Please login to post a comment

Posted by billyroberts | on Monday, September 26th, 2022

How to Write Persuasive Essays
Persuasive Essays can be a challenge to write, but here are some tips to help you out: Use historical examples, academic studies, and media reports in your persuasive essay topics. You should also EssayMap the topic and interview opinion leaders or email experts for their insights. Regardless of the type of essay you need to write, research will take time and effort. It's important to avoid making vague assumptions. Ensure that you provide information that is verified and backed up by sources.

Posted by billyroberts | on Monday, September 26th, 2022

How to Write Persuasive Essays
Persuasive Essays can be a challenge to write, but here are some tips to help you out: Use historical examples, academic studies, and media reports in your persuasive essay topics. Welcome to https://essaymap.org/ for more details. You should also research the topic and interview opinion leaders or email experts for their insights. Regardless of the type of essay you need to write, research will take time and effort. It's important to avoid making vague assumptions. Ensure that you provide information that is verified and backed up by sources.

Posted by Peggy Drake | on Wednesday, August 03rd, 2022

Our Cezanne design which can be an only those nightmare is a specific example of how all caps may be bad The goal of our blog is to make doing homework easier Almost all students struggle with this issue Students just like you who were stressed out about their homework have been helped by us visit here https://www.doermerschoolofbusiness.com/how-to-do-math-homework.html In order to do this we give prompts that are practical for daily use.

Posted by robertbrown | on Tuesday, August 02nd, 2022

We would like to offer you our paper writing services. We have been working in the field for a very long period of time which presupposes that we have acquired not only deep knowledge, but also vast experience in pay for a essay https://essaypay.com/ the field of paper writing.

Posted by Jacob Hue | on Thursday, July 28th, 2022


Your writing is really informative, especially because it's so meaningful and updated. Thanks for sharing this wonderful post!

Your writing is really great. I’m so glad I read it. It kept me hooked the whole way through.

Thanks for this information. I really appreciate the information that you have provided.

https://www.imybkexperience.com/ https://www.mykfc-experience.com/ https://www.mybpcreditcard.one/

Posted by Aaron Ramsdale | on Friday, July 01st, 2022

I am surprised about this post. It has a nice presentation, and clear layout and the information is meaningful to me. Join fall guys and wordle unlimited to have fun with your friends and family after a hard-working day.

Posted by bojo2112jon | on Sunday, May 08th, 2022

Hey! Thank you for the info about "A Celtic Primer", as it is very informative for me and for readers, who likes to read this blog! But from time to time you can hear the question like: Who can write my essay papers online? You can check our top online https://rankmywriter.com/edubirdie-com-review writing company, where you can get useful help with essay writing and with writing various types of tasks, and read full reports. Our team of professional authors will gladly solve your problems with any of your subjects that you need to do in your school, college or even university.

Posted by silverady | on Thursday, April 28th, 2022

Of course, there are some minor differences between them. We depict the main benefits and cons of using each papers writing services in an easy-to-understand table. This way, you can conveniently decide which particular writing service will suit you the most.

Posted by profamanda | on Sunday, March 27th, 2022

Good evening guys! Our service cares about customer satisfaction and is also focused on the success of customers who purchase our services. So if you need someone to pay someone to write my essay then we are very responsible when it comes to our essay writing services. This is ensured by our financial guarantees, which protect customers.

Posted by Iva Trantow | on Wednesday, March 09th, 2022

Thanks for sharing this wonderful post. Homepage

Posted by jamesperales | on Friday, December 17th, 2021

Strength of Taste/Aroma The sweet, light Jim bar was evaluated as the simplest to drink and appraised as having minimal intricacy of taste. The following most complex was the mocha-seasoned Blackmore's. In general, the strength of taste appeared to change simply by an indent or two – like the is eagle rare good distinction between the mocha-seasoned sherry and the chocolate-enhanced Baileys. The general quality score for each of the three brands was moderately comparable. To the extent the persistent flavor goes, there was a slight buildup from the better bourbon and the rye had a greater amount of a trailing sensation then both of the other two.

Posted by Dolorewers | on Tuesday, May 18th, 2021

A Celtic primer, We are going to manage everything with those requirnments which we start to take from here. I never go to stop you because i know the affordable dissertation writing services package which are important always make the things necessary for us and that time we need to manage them for us.


Fonts
Products
Tips
P22 Type Foundry
Hamilton Wood Type Collection
International House of Fonts
Lanston Type Company
History

Featured

Welcome to P22's New website!

The Archives
P22 Newsletter

Stay in tune with what’s happening, Subscribe to our newsletter and be the first to hear about new releases, sales, and get FREE FONTS by subscribing!